Inspired by a post commenter, here are the Power-Up Henshin of Super Sentai and Power Rangers and the Powered Protectors of Super Sentai, apparently there is a difference. I got the name 'Powered Protectors' from 30th anniversary Sentai encyclopedia.
POWER-UP HENSHINBeast Light Mode of Seijuu Sentai Gingaman
Lights of Orion of Power Rangers Lost Galaxy
According to the 30th Anniversary Encyclopedia, it began with this. In both versions, a powerful ball of light gave the team extra armor. I would consider Fiveman's FiveTector a Power-Up and this one a Powered Protector.Abare Mode of Bakuryuu Sentai Abaranger
Super Dino Mode of Power Rangers Dino Thunder
In both versions, the teams' triangles/dinosaur teeth would pop out. Yellow would gain wings.SWAT Mode of Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger
SWAT Mode of Power Rangers SPD
Both teams got extra gear, like body armor, knee pads, other pads, head sets, and new guns.Legend Mode of Mahou Sentai MagirangerLegend Mode of Power Rangers Mystic Force
The teams got completely different outfits, with armor, their gloves and boots changed and they lost the capes. Their helmets got upgraded as well. In Magiranger, the siblings went to Snowjel for help and gained the power, which increased their chances of becoming god-like and forget each other until Sungel put a limiter on them. In Mystic Force, Genji was stolen, making a dark wish and the team had to go to the Tribunal of Magic.
Super Mode of Jyuken Sentai GekirangerMaster Mode of Power Rangers Jungle Fury
The trio got new suits, with white and ranger-color instead of black and ranger-color, including claws and jets on their backs. In Gekiranger, they got the mode after being challenged by 3 Kensei (Masters). In PRJF, they had to go to the Spirit World and be challenged by 3 dead masters. The Spirit Rangers had what looked just like the Master modes but were not referred to as such on the show but didn't seem to have alternative modes.Super Mode of Samurai Sentai Shinkenger
Power Rangers Samurai hasn't started yet. In Shinkenger, they each accessed Super mode one at a time, they couldn't do it all together at once. Gold didn't become Super in the show, but they all become Super in Goseiger vs. Shinkenger. Red, Green and Gold have become Hyper in different occasions, which is the same outfit but in red.Super Mode of Tensou Sentai Goseiger
Unlike the Shinkenger, the Goseiger accessed their super mode all at once. They had armor with their super headers on their chests.
I suppose the Metallic Armor of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers season 3 as a team power-up, even though it had no real armor or protector, just glitter, but it was much in vain of the other power-ups that came later.POWERED PROTECTORSDynaBlack's Battle Tecor from Kagaku Sentai Dynaman
DynaBlack was the first one to wear a Powered Protector.Five Tector armor of Chikyuu Sentai Fiveman
I would consider this a Power-up Henshin as the whole team does it, but apparently Super Sentai considers it different, in the 30th anniversary encyclopedia. Above picture is a picture I took of a poster I've had for like 10 years, the poster itself is like 20 years old. I didn't want to scan it because it is too big.Mega Tector armor of Denji Sentai Megaranger VS Carranger
Which was worn once during the team-up. This I wouldn't consider a team power-up because it only appear in the teamup and not the special.Accel Tector of Gougou Sentai Boukenger
Defender Vest of Operation Overdrive
Both teams shared the vests, only used them individually. In Boukenger, they all have been able to use them. In PROO, only Red, Blue and Black used it. BoukenSilver had Accel Tector in the Encyclopedia and then in Boukenger vs. Super Sentai. I guess the Shinkenger super mode could be considered the same but it wasn't a protector armor.30 Sentai Encyclopedia in SS Wiki
I wonder if Go-Kaiger will have a Anniversary Encyclopedia segment after each episode like Boukenger. Boukenger's segment started in Episode 4, had 30 on each past series, and then 15 special segments on different things like the sixth hero, giant robo, second robo, additional mecha, powered protectors, third robo, extra hero, etc. If the Gokaiger do the 35 series in the first 35 episodes, they have at least 14 or 15 episodes to have other segments. But maybe since they already did the encyclopedia, they might not do it again.